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The importance of a fully certifiable performance has been recognised in the Construction Products Regulation and the introduction of CE marking of doorsets is to come into force in various stages. Initial compliance became mandatory for external doors on 1st July 2013. However, internal doors cannot be CE marked currently.
What are the benefits to the specifier in choosing CE marked external doorsets over traditionally multi-supplier sourced door assemblies?
• A CE marked doorset indicates that the product is fit for purpose, as the documentation will be straightforward and unambiguous, enabling the specifier to choose the right doorset for the purpose
• A CE mark indicates best practice and represents “the gold standard” in doors – it gives the building professional complete peace of mind.
• Quality control – The doorset supplier has complete control over the quality and compatibility of all individual components and materials comprising the completed doorset, so ensuring dependable and consistent performance standards.
• The specifier is assured that the doorset supplier alone is responsible and accountable for the performance of the entire assembly.
• Factory preparation of the doorset ensures more accurate speedy and precise installation on-site
• Doorsets reduce the potential for on-site health and safety issues concerning assembly and door ironmongery preparation
• The specifier, client and contractor benefit from economies
in the supply chain thanks to fewer purchasing transactions
• Doorsets, particularly pre-assembled doorsets mean there is less chance of loss or pilferage on-site
• Specifying a doorset is the “greener” option for specifiers – much less waste
is generated on-site when compared to on-site fabrication of individual door assemblies
What are the immediate requirements?
Under the Construction Products Regulation, it will be mandatory for any product which is covered by a harmonised European Standard or Technical Assessment to carry the CE mark from 1st July 2013.
The publication of BS EN 16034 – “Pedestrian doorsets – Fire testing and/or smoke control characteristics” took place in November 2016. However, it is still not possible to CE mark internal fire doorsets due to issues still to be resolved with connected standards BS EN 14351-1 and BS EN 14351-2. The final date of implementation is still to be clarified.
However, the standard which relates to external, non fire doors is currently in place and consequently, the provision of a CE marked doorset is mandatory in these applications from 1st July 2013.
What is a Doorset?
The DHF/GAI Definition of a Doorset is as follows:
A Doorset must be complete
A doorset comprises a factory prepared door leaf or leaves, and frame, including any side panel(s), vision panel(s), transom panel(s) and/or glazing together with any seals and hardware essential for performance of the function for which the doorset is CE marked, which may vary therefore from doorset type to doorset type.
A Doorset must have a single source
The doorset is placed on the market by one legal entity who takes the responsibility for the performance of the doorset and application of the CE mark.
A Doorset must either be fully assembled or ready for assembly with simple tools
The door leaf and frame are fully prepared, though might not be fully assembled when placed on the market/supplied to site. Assembly should be possible by the use of simple tools such as a screwdriver and without the use of cutting tools such as chisels, planes etc.
Essential hardware which is necessary for the doorset to perform the function for which it has been tested and achieve its declared performance must be supplied as part of a complete CE marked doorset from a single source. The items must be recorded in Factory Production Control documents supporting the Declaration of Performance (DoP). Substitution of the essential hardware is not necessarily straightforward and may require Notified Body testing and assessment. Certain items of essential hardware on emergency escape and fire resisting doorsets must be individually CE marked.
What are the implications for door/ironmongery specifiers
On 1st July 2013, it became an offence to place a construction product on the market without a CE mark if it is covered by a harmonised standard. Where the relevant standard is already in force today (as is the case for external non fire doorsets) all products entering the supply chain from 1st July 2013 must carry the CE mark. Where the standard is yet to be published (as is the case for non-fire and fire resisting/smoke control doorsets), we cannot be certain about the date the standard comes into force.
Harmonised doorset standards stipulate mandatory and voluntary characteristics for doorsets and the tests that doorsets should be subjected to achieve compliance with the CPR 2011.
A door assembly completed on site, comprising components from more than one source CANNOT BE CE MARKED. This rule applies even if those component parts are themselves individually CE marked.
CE marked doorsets are likely to become the default requirement in larger building projects such as schools, hospitals and public buildings. The only way to meet this requirement is to specify a fully integrated doorset and ironmongery.
What standards will CE marked timber doorsets be tested to?
These standards form a unified framework under which doorsets can be classified in accordance with their performance characteristics. This level playing field will make the task of comparing doorsets with each other and with the client`s requirements far more open and transparent.
BS EN 14351-1:2006 External door excluding those with fire or smoke resistance
BS EN 14351-2 Internal doors excluding those with fire or smoke resistance
BS EN 16034 Fire or smoke resisting doors
Declaration of Performance (DoP)
The manufacturer of CE marked doorsets is required to issue a DoP in
a prescribed format. This covers the mandated characteristics listed in the appropriate product standard.
The standards require the manufacturer to provide sufficient information for product traceability via product labelling, accompanying documents or in the manufacturer`s published technical specifications.
Relevant designations of characteristics, intended use, handling, installation, maintenance and care shall either be contained on a product label or detailed in accompanying documents or in the manufacturer`s published technical specifications.
External doorsets without resistance to fire and/or smoke control
A CE marked external doorset is defined in BS EN 14351-1:2006 as a doorset without resistance to fire and/or smoke control characteristics, which separates the internal climate from the external climate of a construction for which the main intended use is the passage of pedestrians.
External doorsets with fire resisting requirements
It will not be possible to CE mark any doorsets for resistance to fire and
or smoke characteristics until the harmonised standard for these doorsets is published.
However in certain locations, for instance, doorsets on external escape routes, a CE marked external doorset may, in addition, be required to have non CE marked fire and smoke performance test evidence in order to satisfy the current Building Regulations. Such doorsets will have been fire tested to BS 476 Part 22 and or BS EN 1634-1 and may have third party fire certification. These are treated as voluntary characteristics. In such circumstances, the fire performance of the doorset must not be included in the Declaration of Performance or the CE marked label and must be stated separately.